6 factors that impede fertility

How does menstrual cycle work?
The woman is a “hormones factory”, defined by her body, a possible pregnancy and her mood. The woman’s normal cycle is divided into 3 phases, during which great variations of hormones happen. 
 
Phase 1: Production. It lasts from the 1st until the 12th day, during which we have an increase of the woman’s regenerative hormone (oestrogen) in order to produce ovarian follicles. 
Phase 2: Ovulation. It lasts from the 12th until the 16th day, during which progesterone is produced (pregnancy hormone) in combination with oestrogen, in order to help fertilization.  
Phase 3: Secretory. It lasts from the 16th until the 28th day, during which increased oestrogen and progesterone are produced, in order to stabilize potential pregnancy.   
 
So if the egg is not fertilized, then the body understands that there is no pregnancy, therefore there happens a great drop of oestrogen and progesterone, which leads us to the endometrial apoptosis (known as menstruation) and the destruction of follicles. 
 
Which are the reasons for female infertility?
Some of the most common reasons are the following: 
 
1. Polycystic ovaries: it is the hormonal and anatomical syndrome, during which the ovaries have very small cysts containing ova, which for various reasons are not fully developed. Therefore, many women that have polycystic ovaries face infertility that can now be treated. 
 
2. Ovulation disturbances: When the ovaries cannot produce eggs or release eggs, then there are problems in ovulation. This is due to various disturbances, mainly hormonal ones.  
 
3. Endometriosis: 50% of the women who suffer from endometriosis face infertility. The normal position of the endometrium is in the woman’s uterus. In case that the endometrium is developed outside of the uterus (eg. sex during menstruation is the main reason that causes endometrium), where the tissue not only bleeds but can also create problems in other organs as well.  
 
4. Salpigitis: The famous salpinx inflammation mainly caused by microbes that infect salpinx. A chronic salpigitis which is not immediately treated can cause serious problems and can certainly impede fertility. 
 
5. Chlamydia: Many of the famous sexually transmitted diseases can cause infertility. It is important to mention that 12% of women lose their fertility after the first Chlamydia infection, while a second infection might increase risk by 40%. 
 
6. Other factors: Smoking, excess weight or anorexia, anxiety, much stress and fatigue and health problems, such as diabetes are some of the factors that may cause infertility.





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